Ethelbert Emmanuel Kari
Associate Professor
Block 253 Office 008
+267 355 4113

B.A., M.A. (Port Harcourt), Ph.D. (Tokyo)


  • Clitics in Degema: A meeting point of phonology, morphology, and syntax (Ph.D., 2003)
  • The structure of the Degema verb (M.A., 1995)

Areas of Specialization and Interest

  • Morphology
  • Phonology-Morphology-Syntax Interface
  • African Linguistics
  • Language Description and Documentation
  • Lexicography
  • Linguistic Typology

Selected Publications


Kari, E.E. 2015. Morphology: An introduction to the study of word structure. Port Harcourt: University of Port Harcourt Press.

Kari, E.E. 2009. A grammatical description of the Odual language. Osaka: Research Institute for World Languages, Osaka University.

Kari, E.E. 2008. Degema-English dictionary with English index. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa.

Kari, E.E. 2004. A reference grammar of Degema. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Kari, E.E. 2003. Clitics in Degema: A meeting point of phonology, morphology, and syntax. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa.

Kari, E.E. 2000. Ogbronuagum (The Bukuma language). München: Lincom Europa.

Kari, E.E. 1997. Degema. München-Newcastle: Lincom Europa.

Chapters in Books:

Rolle, N. and E.E. Kari. 2016. Degema clitics and serial verb constructions at the syntax - phonology interface. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African Languages: Selected Papers from the 46th Annual Conference on African Linguistics. (Contemporary African Linguistics 1) Berlin: Language Science Press, pp. 141-162.

Kari, E.E. 2012. Endocliticization and the Lexical Integrity Hypothesis: Insights from Degema. In Maria P. Larranaga and Pedro Guijarro-Fuentes (eds.), Pronouns and Clitics in Early Language. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, pp. 257-281.

Refereed Journal Articles:

Kari, E.E. 2019. The languages of Rivers State of Nigeria: An overview. Marang: Journal of Language and Literature, Volume 31, pp. 1-22.

Kari, E.E. 2018. On the morphology of Degema modifier, demonstrative and interrogative nominals. South African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, Volume 36, Number 4, pp. 341-353.

Alerechi, R.I.C. and E.E. Kari. 2018. Verb inflectional morphology in Ikwere. Studies in Linguistics, Volume 48, pp. 79-113.

Kari, E.E. 2017. Cognate object constructions in Degema. Linguistique et Langues Africaines, Number 3, pp. 29-53.

Kari, E.E. 2017. Central Delta languages: An overview. Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics, Volume 47, pp. 1-26.

Kari, E.E. 2017. On the status of subject markers in African languages. Studies in Linguistics, Volume 44, pp. 99-134.

Mogara, B., E. Kari, M. Kadenge and D. Molefhi. 2017. Investigating language vitality in some parts of north eastern Botswana. Marang: Journal of Language and Literature, Volume 29, pp. 9-30.

Kari, E.E. 2016a. Word formation strategies in Degema. South African Journal of African Languages, Volume 36, Number 1, pp. 83-91.

KARI, E.E. 2016b. Restrictions in the attachment of verbal extensions in Degema. Studies in Linguistics, Volume 39, pp. 399-429.

Kari, E.E. and B. Mogara. 2016. The clitic nature of person-gender-number markers in Naro. Language Matters, Volume 47, Number 1, pp. 128-148.

Kari, E. E. 2015a. Parasynthesis in Degema: Simultaneous affixation or suffixation and concomitant prefixation? Journal of the Linguistics Association for SADC Universities (LASU), Volume 4, Number 2, pp. 8-23.

KARI, E. E. 2015b. Second position clitics in Degema: A reanalysis. Journal of West African Languages, Volume 42, Number 2, pp. 15-30.

Kari, E.E. 2003. Serial verb constructions in Degema, Nigeria. African Study Monographs, Volume 24, Number 4, pp. 271-289.

Kari, E.E. 2002. On endoclitics: Some facts from Degema. Journal of Asian and African Studies, Volume 63, pp. 37-53.

Fulop, S.A., E. Kari and P. Ladefoged. 1998. An acoustic study of the tongue root contrast in Degema vowels. Phonetica, Volume 55, Number 1-2, pp. 80-98.